Sunday, 14 Jun 2020

IIT Hyderabad, KIIT Bhubaneshwar Researchers Develop ‘Bio-Bricks’ From Sugarcane Residue

IIT Hyderabad, KIIT Bhubaneshwar Researchers Develop 'Bio-Bricks' From Sugarcane Residue

Ar. Priyabrata Rautray from IIT Hyderabad, with the ‘Bio-Bricks’


NEW DELHI: Research team from IIT Hyderabad and KIIT School of Architecture, Bhubaneswar, has developed bio-bricks from agricultural waste products. These bio-bricks are not just eco-friendly, sustainable building materials but are also an effective way of waste management. The bio-bricks have received a Special Recognition Trophy for sustainable housing at Rural Innovators Start-Up Conclave 2019 organized recently by National Institute of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj (NIRDPR), Hyderabad.

The research was undertaken by Ar. Priyabrata Rautray from IIT Hyderabad and Ar. Avik Roy, Assistant Professor, KIIT School of Architecture, Bhubaneswar. The results of this research work, which can be accessed here, which was guided by Prof. Deepak John Mathew, Head, Design Department, IIT Hyderabad and Dr. Boris Eisenbart from Swinburne University of Technology, Australia, have been presented at the International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED-2019) at TU Delft, Netherlands.

Speaking about the need for ‘bio-bricks,’ Ar. Priyabrata Rautray, said, “22 per cent of India’s total annual CO2 emissions is by the construction sector. Clay bricks, for example, not only use up fertile topsoil, but their manufacturing process also emits significant amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Recognising this problem, the Building Materials and Technology Promotion Council (BMTPC) was set up in the 1990’s by the Central Government to develop eco-friendly and energy-efficient building materials, providing impetus into repurposing agricultural and industrial waste items into construction materials.”

Repurposing of agricultural wastes is particularly important in India. More than 500 million tons of agricultural waste are produced in the country every year. While some of this is reused as fodder, 84 to 141 million-tons are burnt, which results in severe air pollution. Ar. Priyabrata Rautray and Ar. Avik Roy have found a new way to repurpose agricultural waste materials. They use it to manufacture bricks, a commonly used construction item.